Being the only double-landlocked country in Central Asia, Uzbekistan is situated in the very heart of it. The country is flown by two rivers - Amu Darya in the south and Sir Darya in the north and surrounded by mountains in the east and northeast. It borders with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan.
The whole territory was ruled by Sogdians, Macedonians, Mongolians, Seljuks, Timurids and the Khanates of Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva at different periods of time. The architecture and design of the monuments reflect that empires' ruling period. It can be observed when you find yourself captured by enormous monuments in Samarkand, explore the hidden streets in Khiva, wander along the heart of Islam in Bukhara.
Uzbekistan occupies the heart of the area of Central Asia historically known as Turkestan. Some of the earliest known inhabitants of this region were Indo-Iranians, who are thought to have migrated to the region around the second millennium BCE. By the 4th century BCE, after the campaigns of Alexander the Great, trade along the Silk Road increased, and the area emerged as an important trading center; cultural contact intensified, and a variety of religions flourished.
The co-existence of various religions in Uzbekistan is the result of the trade, travel and conquers that started from the ancient times. Here you can visit more than 160 shrines, connected with the holy personages of Islam situated in every corner of the country.
There is no substitute to experience the country's rich traditions, deep history, and marvelous hospitality by yourself. Visiting Uzbekistan you will be driven back to the beginning of civilization and returned to the new site. Seemingly unreachable, but the functioning air companies will take the traveler here in a blink of an eye.
Location: In the heart of Central Asia
Neighboring countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan.
Capital: Tashkent, 2,200,000 people (2008)
Area: 447,400 square kilometers
Population: 28.5 million
Geographic coordinates: 37 and 46 N, 56 and 74 E
Climate: continental, dry, with large temperature differences between summer and winter. The average temperature of the day: January - 4 ° С in June + 30 ° С. www.climate.uz, ww.meteo.uz
Elevation extremes: highest point: Khazret Sultan - 4,643 meters above the sea level, lowest point: Sariqarnish Lake -12 m below the sea level.
Languages: Uzbek (official), Russian, Tajik, Karakalpak
Religion: Muslim (Sunnis) - 88%, Russian Orthodox - 9%
Currency: Uzbek Sum (сум), 1 sum = 100 tiyin. There are 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000 sum bills.
Course of changing currency: www.cbu.uz
Visa: Required: according the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan.
Domain zone: .uz
Get here by:
Czech Airlines - www.csa.c
When to visit:
Very favorable - April, May, September, October
Normal - March, June, July, August, November